A traditional quantitative study in the health sciences typically begins with a theoretical grounding, takes direction from hypotheses or explicit study questions, and uses a predetermined (and auditable) set of steps to confirm or refute the hypothesis (Thorne, 2006). Qualitative date usually consist of words, therefore, it’s any information that can be viewed that is not numerical. Here are some types of qualitative that researchers can manage. In-depth interviews this includes both the individual and group interviews. In this type data is recorded in a variety of ways like audio or video recording or written notes. Next is direct observation this can include everything from field research where one lives in another context or culture for a period of time to photographs that illustrate some aspect of the phenomenon. The data can be recorded in many of the same ways as interviews (stenography, audio, video) and through pictures, photos or drawings (Trochim, 2006). Last is written documents and this includes newspapers, magazines, books, websites, memos, transcripts of conversations and annual reports. Qualitative researchers are often more concerned about uncovering knowledge about how people think and feel about the circumstances in which they find themselves than they are in making judgements about whether those thoughts and feelings are valid. These are all good ways to manage and organize data.
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